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Pollution

Pollution comes in all sorts of forms - air, land, water, smell, noise - and whatever form it takes it can affect our quality of life and health.

We carry out a wide range of duties and functions including air quality monitoring and management, dealing with problems of neighbourhood nuisance including loud noise, obnoxious smells, dust and chimney/bonfire smoke, local response to radiation incidents, ambient radiation monitoring, advising the planning department on potential environmental and nuisance issues for new developments, contaminated land identification, inspection and sampling and provision of environmental information we hold.

Under the Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010, Local Authorities must regulate various activities in order to protect the environment and human health. Full details of the activities which require a permit can be found on the DEFRA website.

The whole of Bolsover District is designated as a smoke control area. This controls fuel that is used on domestic fires and burners only and does not cover bonfires. DEFRA has further information on exempt solid fuel appliances and authorised smokeless fuels which can be used within a Smoke Control Area.

Environmental Permits

Under the Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010, Local Authorities must regulate various activities in order to protect the environment and human health. Full details of the activities which require a permit can be found on the DEFRA website. A list of application forms can be downloaded below:

Part A1 activities are regulated by the Environment Agency.

Air

Clean air is an essential ingredient of a good quality of life. You have a right to expect that the air you breathe will not harm you. We have a duty to undertake a full review and assessment of air quality within the District in accordance with the National Air Quality Strategy (NAQS).

The main aim of the strategy is to ensure a level of ambient air quality in public places which poses no significant risk to health or quality of life. It sets health based standards for 8 key pollutants and objectives for achieving them:

  1. benzene,
  2. 1,3 butadiene,
  3. carbon monoxide,
  4. lead,
  5. nitrogen dioxide,
  6. particulates (PM10),
  7. sulphur dioxide and
  8. ozone.

We are required to consider all pollutants with the exception of ozone, which is to be addressed at national level.

Assessments are undertaken every three years. The most recent assessment was published in August 2009 called the USA Report 2009. Where there is a liklihood of a national air quality objective being exceeded, we must declare an Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) and prepare an Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP) setting out the measures we intend to put in place in pursuit of the objectives.

There are three AQMA's in Bolsover District, all of which have been declared due to an exceedence of the annual air quality objective for nitrogen dioxide arising from traffic.

AQMA - Carter Lane East, South Normanton

AQMA - Chesterfield Road, Barlborough

AQMA - Orchard Close, Barlborough

We are also required to produce Progress Reports which provide a reporting mechanism between the three yearly requirement to carry out a review and assessment of air quality. The most recent report was published in October 2013 (5MB), October 2012 (591kb), November 2011 (2.33MB) and October 2010 (1.42MB).

 

Asbestos

Asbestos could be present in any building that was built or refurbished before the year 2000. It was commonly used in the building industry in the products such as:

  • Corrugated sheets for roofing and cladding
  • Gutters and downpipes
  • Flat sheeting for partitioning, cladding and door facings
  • Flue pipes.

Asbestos sheeting is a grey, hard, brittle material containing asbestos fibre. Older properties may have lagging that contains asbestos around any original pipework. Asbestos insulation board was commonly used in the 1960's and 1970's and looks like plasterboard, but is thinner and softer. On no account should you disturb lagging or insulation board. Removal of asbestos must always be undertaken by specialist contractors.

If you are having construction or refurbishment work done, you may need to notify the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). The HSE are running the LACE  (Local Authority Construction Engagement) Project which may benefit you in any building work that you are doing.

The most common asbestos related DIY jobs are the removal or replacement of asbestos cement sheets on garages and outbuildings. The following simple precautions will ensure the work is carried out safely:

  • Plan the work carefully so as not to produce any dust
  • Thoroughly wet the material
  • Remove panels and sheets whole, by removing fixings first
  • Place the material into plastic bags or wrap it in polythene sheeting
  • Do not drill or saw! Do not use power tools - hand tools produce less dust
  • Close adjacent windows and doors
  • Wear disposable respirator and gloves.

Asbestos is classed as Hazardous Waste and requires a specialist contractor to collect and dispose of it. Before starting any work, you should seek advice as to how the material can be disposed of and how much it will cost.

Fly Tipped Asbestos

Because asbestos is classed as hazardous, if it is fly tipped on private property you will be advised to hire a private contractor who is licensed to remove such waste - please telephone as soon as possible.

If you see any hazardous waste being flytipped please report this to us as soon as possible. If the asbestos waste is in a water course or in imminent danger of polluting the water course please contact the Environment Agency.

Land

Industrial activity throughout the UK has left us with the legacy of old derelict sites, many with problems of residual contamination. Some of these sites are potentially hazardous to human health, watercourses or other such sensitive receptors.

In the past it has been difficult to force the clean-up of such sites. However, legislation formed under Part IIa of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 was introduced in April 2000 to facilitate the identification and remediation of such sites. As part of this legislation, Local Authorities were given the responsibility of developing a strategy for inspecting their areas and identifying potentially harmful sites.

Together with most other Local Authorities, we have published our Contaminated Land Inspection Strategy (438kb) and we inspect and prioritise potentially contaminated sites within the District at the Planning Application stage.

This involves the use of historical records and maps to identify locations where potentially polluting activities once took place. There is a legal definition of contaminated land and the purpose of this inspection process is to identify sites that need to be classified as contaminated.

A guide to Submitting Applications For Land That May Be Contaminated (1.7MB) has been produced by the Derbyshire Contaminated Land Sub-Group. The Environment Agency have useful information on contaminated land.

Noise

Please visit our main noise web page for more information.

Smoke

The Council is responsible for investigating smoke nuisance complaints that are causing people a problem.  Smoke and odours from bonfires can upset neighbours and prevent them from enjoying their home and gardens, opening windows, hanging out washing and harmful to health.

A single bonfire is unlikely to be a statutory nuisance even through it may cause annoyance to one or more neighbours.  For smoke to be classified as causing a nuisance there has to be evidence that smoke is frequently affecting a person’s enjoyment of their property.

Under the Environmental Protection Act 1990 a 'statutory nuisance' includes smoke, fumes or gases emitted from a premises so as to be prejudicial to health or a nuisance.  In practice this will mean that if the bonfire affects another property either from smoke, debris, ash or fumes coming into the building or garden then it could constitute a nuisance.

Bonfires on Commercial Premises

There are slightly different rules in relation to bonfires from trade premises. In addition to the rules for Statutory Nuisance applying there is also the following:-

The Clean Air Act 1993 prohibits dark or black smoke being emitted from a bonfire on trade or industrial premises. The provisions are absolute, subject to specific exceptions for prescribed materials.

Failure to comply with the provisions of the Clean Air Act 1993 can result, on conviction, of a fine of up to a maximum of £20,000.

Water

If you have a problem with your water supply your first point of contact should be your Water Provider. This is likely to be either Severn Trent or Yorkshire Water in our District. 

If you have a problem with a watercourse then please contact the Environment Agency.

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