GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN THIS LOCAL PLAN
(TERMS SHOWN IN ITALICS CAN ALSO BE FOUND DEFINED WITHIN THIS SECTION)
Acceptable Living Environment Conditions experienced by people in the place where they live (in this plan mainly physical conditions such as sunlight, noise, overlooking etc.).
Accessibility The relative ease of reaching, and of entry into, a site, building or area. Assessed not only in relation to the time taken for the journey but also in terms of convenience, safety and real or perceived cost.
Adverse Environmental Impact Effects which can be measured, counted or described, which spoil the surroundings.
Adopted Local Plan A local plan which has been through all the processes required by law so as to become the council's recognised policy.
Affordable Housing See Low-Cost Housing.
Allocation The specific land use assigned to a parcel of land in a local plan.
Amenity Open Space Land to which the public has access which is kept in open uses (and usually landscaped or grassed) both as a setting for other development and for informal recreation use.
Ancient Monument A structure regarded by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport as being of national importance by virtue of its historic, architectural, traditional or archaeological interest.
Ancillary Use An extra use on a site additional to the main use but associated with it.
Article 4 Direction Direction made under Article 4 of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 requiring planning applications to be submitted for minor proposals which do not normally require an application.
Assisted Area An area defined by the Department of Trade and Industry within which some employment proposals qualify for government grants. The whole of the District of Bolsover is an assisted area. (See also Development Area and Intermediate Area).
Biodiversity The range of life forms which constitute the living world, from microscopic organisms to the largest tree or animal, and the habitat and ecosystem in which they live. The term includes humans and their relationship with the rest of the living environment.
Bridleway Route where the public has a right of way on foot, on horseback or on a bicycle, possibly with an additional right to drive animals.
Built Environment Settlements, buildings and other structures which are built or man-made, as distinct from the natural environment.
Change of Use An alteration in the way a building or area of land is used, significant enough to require planning permission.
CHART Chesterfield Area Regeneration Team. Joint initiative of councils and other agencies in the Chesterfield area, intended to stimulate economic development, reclaim derelict land and improve the environment and infrastructure. (See also Single Regeneration Budget)
CISWO Coal Industry Social Welfare Organisation.
Commitment In this local plan normally proposals which have valid planning permission (but also used in the phrase 'other commitments' to mean other sites which it is agreed in principle can be developed).
Community Transport Special, accessible, passenger transport services principally catering for the elderly, people with sensory or physical disabilities and other groups with mobility problems who find it difficult to use conventional public transport.
Commuted Payment (or Commuted Sum) One-off payment made instead of providing facilities or a service, and which takes away responsibility to make such provision.
Comparison Goods Clothing, footwear, household goods, leisure goods, D.I.Y. items and other non-food purchases for which the consumer expects to visit a range of shops before making a choice.
Conditions Statements which a planning authority attaches to a planning permission when it is granted, describing extra things that must be done if a proposed development takes place.
Conservation Area An area designated by a Local Authority under Section 69 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, regarded as being an area of Special Architectural or Historic Interest.
Contaminated Land Areas defined by the Environmental Protection Act (1990) as land which, by reason of substances in, on or under it, causes or is likely to cause significant harm or the pollution of controlled waters.
Convenience Goods A term used in retailing to indicate goods purchased for regular consumption. Includes food, groceries, drink, confectionery, newsprint.
Countryside Agency The government organisation working for people and places in rural England. Formed in April 1999 from the merger of the Rural Development Commission and the Countryside Commission.
Countryside Management A programme of actions to guide the way land, in particular areas of countryside, is used. Usually involves co-operation between farmers, landowners and other agencies including local councils.
Creswell Crags Heritage Area Strategy A strategy formulated by Bolsover District Council, Derbyshire County Council and Nottinghamshire County Council in partnership with other agencies. The strategy is intended to improve and enhance a wide area around and including Creswell Crags.
Density The amount of development over a given area. In the case of housing usually measured in terms of number of dwellings per hectare.
Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) The department of central government which is responsible for legislation on planning and other matters related to the environment, policy advice on a range of transport issues and overseeing the motorway and trunk road network.
Derby and Derbyshire Joint Structure Plan Document currently being produced jointly by Derby City Council and Derbyshire County Council. When approved this document will replace the Derbyshire Structure Plan laying down broad guidelines for development in relation to all aspects of the environment, which all district councils within the county must follow when writing policies or making development decisions. This document will cover the period 1991 - 2011.
Derby and Derbyshire Minerals Local Plan The local plan for the whole of Derbyshire outside the Peak Park containing policies and proposals for minerals development of all kinds.
Derbyshire Structure Plan Document produced by Derbyshire County Council which lays down broad guidelines for development in relation to all aspects of the environment, which all district councils within the county must follow when writing policies or making development decisions. The current plan was approved in 1990. It covers the period 1987 to 2001 and is to be replaced by the Derby and Derbyshire Joint Structure Plan.
Derby and Derbyshire Waste Local Plan The local plan for the whole of Derbyshire outside the Peak Park containing policies and proposals for the development of land for waste disposal.
Derbyshire Wildlife Sites Register A list and description of Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCS). Prepared by Derbyshire County Council and Derbyshire Wildlife Trust.
Derelict Land Land which has had some type of development previously, which has now ceased, and would require clearing or reclaiming before further development or use can take place.
Development Area Assisted area defined by the Department of Trade and Industry, qualifying for government grants for a variety of employment initiatives. In Bolsover District the parishes of Shirebrook, Pleasley, Glapwell and parts of Scarcliffe are designated Development Areas.
Development Control The process of considering applications for planning permission (and similar types of consent), granting or refusing permission and making sure that development matches the permission which has been granted.
Development Control Zone In this local plan, in relation to Rough Close Works and Coalite Chemicals, an area within which development is restricted because it is close to a major hazard.
Dual Use The use by the general public of facilities which would normally only be available to a specific user group, (for example school playing fields or a gymnasium).
East Derbyshire Woodland Project A project to create multi-purpose woodlands to enhance the landscape, wildlife and amenity value of the eastern part of Derbyshire.
East Midlands Development Agency (EMDA) Regional agency including the former English Partnerships which is charged with promoting the economic development and well being of the East Midlands Region.
Economic Development Policy The document produced by the council setting out its proposals to promote economic development within Bolsover District.
Enforcement The process of making sure that development which is undertaken has the benefit of planning permission and complies with conditions and legal requirements.
English Heritage (EH) The governmental organisation providing conservation advice to central and local government. Also directly cares for some ancient monuments which are owned by the government.
English Nature (EN) The governmental organisation which achieves, enables and promotes nature conservation in England.
Environment Agency The governmental organisation set up in 1996 as an independent all-purpose environmental agency, replacing the National Rivers Authority (NRA), Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution (HMIP) and the Waste Regulation Authorities (WRA). It provides a comprehensive approach to the protection and management of the environment by combining the regulation of land, air and water.
Environmental Appraisal A systematic appraisal of the policies and proposals of a local plan to identify possible areas of conflict with the aims of environmental sustainability.
Environmental Impact Assessment An assessment of the effects on the environment of specified types of proposed development, leading to the submission of an environmental statement in support of a planning application.
Environmental Statement A statement required to accompany certain kinds of application for planning permission identifying and quantifying the environmental effects of the proposal.
Environmental Sustainability A term which encompasses the whole environmental resource base (the built as well as the natural environment). See also Sustainable Development and Sustainability.
Existing Lawful Use The use of land or buildings for which current planning permission has been granted, or for which a Certificate of Lawfulness of Existing Use or Development would be granted if applied for.
Floodplain All land adjacent to main rivers over which water flows in time of flood (or would flow but for the presence of flood defences where they exist).
Footpath (or Public Footpath) Route where the public have a right of way on foot only. Even if there is a public right of way, the land itself is often not in public ownership.
Footway A route set aside for pedestrians at the edge of a carriageway, commonly known as a pavement.
Forestry Commission That part of the Forestry Commission which puts into practice government policy on forestry and woodlands, including monitoring plant health and grants.
General Open Countryside Control Policies Term used by the council in replies to searches under the local land charges register, meaning the batch of policies specified in Appendix Ten (C) in the case of this local plan.
General Urban Area Control Policies Term used by the council in replies to searches under the local land charges register, meaning the batch of policies specified in Appendix Ten (B) in the case of this local plan.
Green Belt An area of open land where strict planning controls apply in order to check the further growth of a large built up area, preventing neighbouring towns from merging or preserving the special character of a town.
Groundwork Creswell The local environmental action charity, jointly funded by local councils and other sources. The organisation is currently based at Clowne but works throughout Bolsover District and in adjoining districts.
Hectare 10,000 square metres (2.47 acres - about the same size as two and a half football pitches).
Highways Agency The executive agency of the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions having day to day responsibility for the motorway network and taking forward the trunk road programme.
Historic Landscape In this local plan, an historic park, garden, graveyard or cemetery.
Household Either one person living alone or a group of people (who may or may not be related) living at the same address with common housekeeping arrangements.
Housing Investment Programme (HIP) An annual statement of the council's policies and strategy for housing management in the area, prepared as a bid to secure government funding.
House in Multiple Occupation (HIMO) A dwelling inhabited by two or more households sharing at least some but not necessarily all facilities.
Important Open Area In this local plan, open land between distinct settlements which provides a setting and separates them from other concentrations of development. Also refers to several areas of land which lie within settlement frameworks, but which play a valuable part in maintaining the open character of the margins of the M1 motorway.
Infill Site A gap site available for built development within an established built-up frontage.
Informal Public Open Space An area available for public use for activities requiring no equipment or skills, such as walking and picnicking.
In Situ Both 'on site' and 'in place'.
Intermediate Area Assisted Area defined by Department of Trade and Industry, qualifying for government grants for a variety of employment initiatives. The whole District of Bolsover is Intermediate Area except for the parishes of Shirebrook, Pleasley, Glapwell and the North and East Wards of Scarcliffe parish which are Development Area.
Infrastructure The essential services which have to be put in place to allow development to proceed, for example roads, drains and sewers, gas and water mains and electricity and telephone lines. In some cases other facilities such as schools and sewage treatment works may be regarded as infrastructure.
Key Employment Sites In this local plan, the three sites for large scale employment development, at Pinxton Castle, South Shirebrook and South Barlborough.
Landfill Disposal of waste by using it to fill excavations or occasionally natural land features.
Listed Building A building or structure considered to be of special architectural or historic interest and included in a list (approved by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport ) giving details of each building. Listed Buildings are protected from unauthorised works on or near them and from unauthorised demolition.
Local Employment Sites In this local plan, sites for small-scale employment development purposes.
Local Nature Reserve (LNR) A site belonging to a local authority which is acquired, declared and managed as a nature reserve under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
Local Needs (Where used as a description) Required specifically to meet the needs of local people.
Local Plan Document which the local planning authority is required by law to prepare comprising a written statement and a proposals map. The written statement includes the local planning authority's detailed policies and proposals for the development and use of land together with their reasoned justification. The local plan must be in general conformity with the structure plan (see Derbyshire Structure Plan and Derby and Derbyshire Joint Structure Plan).
Local Planning Authority The body with responsibility for general planning policy decisions and enforcement in an area.
Local Shopping Centre Shopping area serving the day to day needs of a local, quite limited area.
Local Transport Plan An annual statement by the county council of its transport policy and programme for development of transport works in the county. (Replaces the Transport Policies and Programme TPP)
Low Cost Housing (also Affordable Housing) Housing to buy or rent in a price range which can be afforded by people on low incomes.
Major Hazard Site Site identified by the Health and Safety Executive as a hazardous installation which has the potential for a major accident which could result in loss of life or serious injury to persons outside the site.
Major Road Network The Strategic Road Network as defined in the Derbyshire Structure Plan 1990.
Mid Derbyshire Local Biodiversity Action Plan A document produced by a partnership of local authorities and other interested bodies to help meet the UK's international biodiversity obligations by enhancing and conserving biodiversity in Derbyshire and to promote sustainable development in a local context.
Migration Population change resulting from the movement of people into or out of a given area to set up home. A relevant factor in the assessment of housing land and industrial land requirements and in shopping and leisure patterns.
Minerals Planning Authority The local planning authority responsible for controlling development of minerals extraction and processing. In the case of Bolsover District, Derbyshire County Council.
Mixed Use Development An area having within it, or proposed to have, two or more different classes of development.
Mobility Housing Ordinary housing built to certain basic standards so that it can be adapted to be lived in by most people with disabilities. Some features include a ramped approach, wider doorways for wheelchair users, a toilet on ground floor and a straight run staircase.
National Playing Fields Association (NPFA) The independent national charity which advises on the design, layout and safety of playing fields and other playing space. Also acquires, protects and improves playgrounds, playing fields and other playspace.
Nature Conservation Site Site of Special Scientific Interest, Regionally Important Geological Site, Local Nature Reserve, or Site of Importance for Nature Conservation as defined in the Derbyshire Wildlife Sites Register.
Neighbourhood Open Space Play areas and informal open space designed to meet local needs of the immediate area.
Net Migration The difference between the number of people moving into an area to live there and the number moving out. Usually expressed in terms of "net out-migration" or "net in-migration".
New Technology Industries Manufacturing or development enterprises involved with new or innovative processes such as microelectronics, biotechnology or telecommunications.
NOMIS National On-line Manpower Information Services which provides the latest unemployment figures for the district, obtained via Derbyshire County Council.
North Derbyshire Coalfield Partnership Project The project set up in 1988 as a partnership between local authorities, the Rural Development Commission, Derbyshire Rural Community Council and various other bodies to regenerate the North Derbyshire Coalfield. Since April 1994 known as the North Derbyshire Rural Development Programme.
Notified Site Site which the county council has given notice to the district council is required for development of county council facilities.
Occupancy Conditions Conditions imposed on a planning permission for housing to limit the categories of persons allowed to occupy a particular development.
Outline Planning Permission Planning permission for the principle of developing land in a particular way, without the details of exactly how. Normally expires after three years, unless more details are given permission.
Pedestrian Priority Scheme A scheme to reduce the amount of traffic within an area to provide more facilities for pedestrians.
Pedestrianisation The complete removal of traffic from an area to give priority to pedestrians.
Permitted Development Types of development for which planning permission is not normally required. Defined by the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995.
Permitted Use See Existing Lawful Use.
Plan Period The period of time which a plan is intended to cover. In the case of this local plan 1995 to 2005.
Planning Brief As used in this local plan, a document produced by the local planning authority laying down in detail the principles which should be followed in the development of a large site, usually involving a variety of different uses.
Planning Policy Guidance (PPG) Series of advice notes published by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions from time to time to explain how the government expects national policy to be put into practice by local planning authorities and other agencies.
Priority Areas Areas designated for special treatment (in terms of things like grants and planning policies) to ease economic, social and environmental problems and promote regeneration.
Proposals Map The part of a local plan which shows planning information as accurately as the scale permits on an Ordnance Survey map base.
Public Open Space The 1990 Town and Country Planning Act defines Public Open Space as land laid out as a public garden, or used for the purposes of public recreation, or land which is a disused burial ground. In addition other areas of open space exist which are both used by the public and defined as public.
Rear Servicing Arrangements for access to shops which is away from the street frontage to allow easy deliveries and collections.
RECHAR European Grant scheme for former coal mining areas.
Regional Planning Guidance (RPG) Planning guidance issued by the Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions to provide a framework for the preparation and review of development plans, over a wide area. Bolsover district falls within the East Midlands.
Regionally Important Geological Site (RIGS) Site listed by English Nature as worthy of protection because of their geological and geomorphological interest.
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest A list prepared by English Heritage which specifies parks and gardens throughout England which are worthy of protection because of their national importance.
Renewable Energy The energy that flows naturally and repeatedly in the environment; energy from the sun, the wind, the oceans and the fall of water, and from geological and organic sources.
River Rother Wildlife Strategy An informal plan prepared as a joint initiative by six councils in the catchment of the River Rother and its tributaries, to identify and guide opportunities for enhancement of the area as a strategic wildlife corridor.
Robin Hood Line The name given to the passenger railway recently re-established between Worksop and Nottingham with stations at Shirebrook, Langwith, Creswell and Whitwell in Bolsover District.
Rural Development Commission (RDC) The former governmental organisation established to promote appropriate development in rural communities. Its functions have now been reorganised and passed on to the East Midlands Development Agency and the Countryside Agency.
Section 106 Obligation An obligation under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 between the local authority and any person having an interest in land in their area for the purpose of restricting or regulating development or use of the land, either permanently or during such periods as may be described by the agreement.
Set Aside Scheme which gives grants to farmers in return for ceasing to use particular areas of land for agriculture.
Settlement Framework Limits of the area of urban development distinct from the countryside.
Settlement Fund Funds set up for individual settlements throughout Bolsover District intended to hold payments made by developers for improvement of public open space and recreation facilities.
Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) A scheme under the government's Challenge Fund for grant aid to provide support for initiatives aimed at regeneration, economic development and industrial competitiveness. Within Bolsover District grant aid from the scheme has been achieved for specific projects within an area from Pleasley to Creswell, including Shirebrook, and also generally in the district through another scheme led by Chesterfield Area Regeneration Team (see CHART).
Site of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC) A site listed in the non-statutory Derbyshire Wildlife Sites Register which has a special value because of the animal, bird, insect or plant life which it supports. Scarce or unusually rich habitats are also included, along with sites of significant geological interest. The list includes Local Nature Reserves (LNRs) and Regionally Important Geological Sites (RIGs).
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) Site designated under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 as of special interest by reason of its flora, or fauna or geological or physiological features.
Six Acre Standard Phrase coined by the National Playing Fields Association to describe its recommendation for the minimum area of open space which should normally be provided for every 1,000 people.
Special Industries/Special Industrial Uses Industries liable to cause significant nuisance and environmental damage to neighbouring areas by creating noise, dust or smell, or because they involve the production, handling or storage of dangerous or noxious substances.
Special Needs Housing Housing designed to meet the particular requirements of groups of people such as single people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities etc., which would not normally be provided by the volume builders.
Sports and Recreational Open Space Pitches and other outdoor sports facilities, recreation grounds, playing fields and informal open space.
Strategic Road Network The system of motorways, trunk roads, principal roads and other roads (usually B class) which are shown in the Derbyshire Structure Plan as the county's major road network.
Street Authorisation Map Part of the old development plan system. Designated extra land required to make highway improvements in order to make a private street suitable for adoption as public highway.
Structure Plan See Derbyshire Structure Plan.
Sustainable Development Development which maintains and enhances the quality of human life - social, economic and environmental - while living within the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems and the resource base.
Sustainability Maintenance of the health of the biosphere and the husbanding of key resources of air, water, land and minerals.
Traffic Calming Methods of slowing down traffic to improve safety and amenity particularly in relation to pedestrians. The measures can include narrowing the carriageway part of the street, including chicanes and sleeping policemen, changing the texture of the road surface and removing through-routes in an area.
Traffic Management Control of the way traffic uses the existing highway network, usually involving measures like speed, weight, access and parking restrictions, and flow controls such as one-way orders and traffic signals.
Town Centre In this local plan, the areas defined in the middle of South Normanton, Shirebrook, Bolsover and Clowne where shopping and a mixture of other uses exists and will be encouraged.
Trail A route in the countryside, designed for public use for walking (and often cycling and horseriding as well). Not necessarily a right of way in legal terms.
Transport Infrastructure Railways, roads, paths and trails, together with other construction such as bridges or stations needed to make them work.
Tree Preservation Order (TPO) An order made and confirmed by the local planning authority which, in the interests of amenity, prohibits the cutting down, topping or lopping of single trees, groups of trees or woodlands, without the local planning authority's consent, except for specified reasons.
Unlisted Buildings of Merit In this local, plan buildings which make a positive contribution to the character of a Conservation Area, but which are not listed.
Urban Fringe A term applied to areas or pockets of generally open, often neglected, land on the edge of built up areas, which may be subject to trespass and fly-tipping.
Use Classes Order The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 as amended. This legal document describes some specific categories into which different uses of land and buildings fall for purposes of Town and Country Planning.
Written Statement The text of a local plan. Must be read along with the proposals map in order to get a full account of the plan's policies and proposals.